Dried Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia)

Tinospora cordifolia commonly named “Guduchi” in Sanskrit belonging to the family Menispermaceae is a genetically diverse, large, deciduous climbing shrub with greenish-yellow typical flowers, found at higher altitudes. In racemes or racemose panicles, the male flowers are clustered and the females are solitary. The flowering season expands over summers and winters. A variety of active components derived from the plant like alkaloids, steroids, diterpenoid lactones, aliphatics, and glycosides have been isolated from the different parts of the plant body, including the root, stem, and whole plant.

Recently, the plant has been of great interest to researchers across the globe because of its reported medicinal properties like anti-diabetic, anti-periodic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-oxidant, anti-allergic, anti-stress, anti-leprotic, anti-malarial, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory and anti-neoplastic activities. In this review, we focus our attention on:

(i) The reported genetic diversity in the Plant .

(ii) biological roles reported in humans and animals, and active components from the plant.

(iii) biological roles reported in humans and animals.

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