Wet Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia)

Wet Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) is a large, deciduous, extensively spreading, climbing vine with several elongated twining branches. Leaves are simple, alternate, and exstipulate with long petioles up to 15 cm (6 in) long which are roundish and pulvinate, both at the base and apex with the basal one longer and twisted partially and halfway around. It gets its name from heart-leaved moonseed its heart-shaped leaves and its reddish fruit. Lamina is broadly ovate or ovate cordate, 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long or 8–15 cm (3–6 in) broad, seven-nerved and deeply cordate at base, membranous, pubescent above, whitish tomentose with a prominent reticulum beneath.

Wet Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) are unisexual, small on separate plants, and appear when the plant is leafless, greenish-yellow on axillary and terminal racemes. Male flowers are clustered, but female flowers are usually solitary. It has six sepals in two series of three each. The outer ones are smaller than the inner ones. It has six petals which are smaller than sepals, obovate, and membranous. Fruits aggregate in clusters of one to three. They are ovoid smooth drupelets on thick stalks with sub-terminal style scars, scarlet or orange colored.

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